Celebrating 245 Years
What started as a small fleet of six frigate ships has grown into an elite fighting force with nearly 440,000 personnel both active and reserve with several billion dollars, worth of equipment and assets at its disposal. It is the largest in the world and has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. It has the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world’s largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, two new carriers under construction, and five other carriers planned. This year marks the 245th birthday of the United States Navy and across the country sailors and their families celebrate with pride the rich history and culture that has been so instrumental in defending our liberties and freedoms since its inception. In this issue of élite Magazine, we are highlighting some of the important dates in naval history to commemorate this month and give a huge congratulations to all of our brave men and women who have dedicated their lives to protecting and serving.
October 13, 1775
Under the Continental Congress the very first Continental Navy was established during the American Revolutionary War and disbanded soon after the war finished.
Naval Act of 1794
Under the United States’ First President, George Washington, the Navy was reestablished to help combat the Barbary pirates who threatened American merchant ships. This navy consisted of only six frigate ships.
American Civil War
The Navy played a major role in the American Civil War by blockading the Confederacy and seizing control of the rivers and throughways.
The 20th Century
A modernization program beginning in the 1880s with the first steel-hulled warships. These new warships are what stimulated the American steel industry, and “the new steel navy” was born. With rapid expansion of the U.S. Navy and its easy victory over the Spanish Navy in the late 1890s brought a new respect for quality in American technology.
World War I
During World War I, the U.S. Navy spent many resources protecting and shipping hundreds of thousands of Soldiers and Marines of the American Expeditionary Force and war supplies across the Atlantic in U-boat infested waters with the Cruiser and Transport Force.
World War II
The U.S. Navy grew into an elite fighting force in the years prior to World War II, with battleship production restarted in the late 1930s. Though unsuccessful in the end, Japan tried to gain the upper hand and neutralize this strategic threat with a surprise bombing on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
The Cold War
The U.S Navy continued with its technological advances after learning of potential armed conflict with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The Navy had developed new weapons systems, ships, and aircrafts. Utilizing forward deployment as the new strategy, the U.S. Navy were able to support allies with an emphasis on carrier battle groups.
The 21st Century
U.S. Navy maintains a sizable global presence, deploying in strength in such areas as the Western Pacific, the Mediterranean, and the Indian Ocean. It is a blue-water navy with the ability to project force onto other regions of the world, engage in forward deployments during peacetime and rapidly respond to regional crises, making it a frequent player in U.S. foreign and military policy.
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